Farming today is so complex and competitive that every bit of insight into growing healthy plants is crucial.

A full understanding of what a redox reaction is and how it impacts plant health provides crucial insight into finding the agronomic approach that will bring optimum yield and quality.

The term redox reaction originated about a century ago, and it means the simultaneous chemical reaction of oxidation and reduction. Redox reactions are the basic biochemical reactions critical to all life on Earth.  

The byproduct of a redox reaction is reactive oxygen species (ROS), which can be caused by actions such as photosynthesis (using sunlight to synthesize food), mitochondria processes (where energy production and respiration occur), and peroxisome activity (metabolic functions). Excessive levels of ROS can damage plants and organic molecules. In response, plants over time have developed antioxidants for self-defense.

The problem is any number of stresses, ranging from bad weather to disease, can severely reduce a plant’s ability to balance ROS. When a plant is out of balance, its growth and productive capacity suffer.

 A healthy plant has the proper balance of cations (+) and anions (-). An equal amount of both creates redox homeostasis, or plant charge balance.

I have devoted 30 years to studying plants, with the goal of helping produce healthy farm fields and nutritious food for consumers. Through countless hours of research, payoffs have come and are now happening at a faster rate.

 Technology from Redox Bio-Nutrients reflects our best, continually evolving scientific knowledge. Our products have highly targeted Redox Active Substrates, which act as critical molecules for plants to achieve redox homeostasis.  These Redox Active Substrates are created using the highest quality material that is fractionated (broken down at the molecular level) through our painstaking process.  The end results are exceptional products, which allow the plants to be more self-sufficient and have less need for large amounts of traditional synthetic fertilizers.  Our Redox product line helps your plants achieve redox homeostasis, leaving them perfectly situated to devote their energy to growing healthier, stronger, higher-yield crops.

It is gratifying to know all our painstaking research is yielding such positive results. With all the challenges our world faces, sound science can truly help grow healthier plants with less synthetic fertilizer and ensure a brighter future for us all.

Burley, Idaho:  Redox Bio-Nutrients has acquired 10 percent of the Axxion Corporation LLC, marking an important step in the companies expanding international presence. Axxion was founded 42 years ago by Mory Ogata, and provides a steadily growing amount of fertilizers and moisture management surfactants to golf courses throughout Japan. The company has also seen steady growth in plant nutrition for traditional agricultural crops in the country, including rice.

At the same time, Qvou, Inc., a fast growing marketing company, is the majority shareholder of this new partnership, with 80 percent of the total.

“I had additional opportunities, but partnering with Qvou and Redox were superior for a variety of reasons,” Ogata said. “Product development has pole-vaulted Redox to become one of the most impressive companies of its kind in the United States. Additionally, Qvou CEO Ryotaro Kubo has led his company to be one of the fastest growing mid-sized companies in Japan. I am honored to partner with both businesses.”

“The quality of courses and increasing interest in golf make Japan a highly-valuable market for our company,” remarked Redox Bio-Nutrients President Colton Moon, who will serve on the Axxion Board with Kubo and Ogata. “Mory has done an exceptional job expanding interest in our products, and there’s tremendous promise for our technology with many of Japan’s agricultural crops. We are excited about the opportunity to grow our agricultural product sales throughout East Asia.”

Axxion has long term purchase contractors with Redox and one other supplier for exclusive distribution rights in Japan.

Agriculture is a principal industry throughout East Asia, and Redox Bio-Nutrients technology can help growers bolster quality and yield of a variety of bountiful crops that flourish in the region. For the past 30 years, Redox Bio-Nutrients has provided superior plant nutrition with added biostimulants to help growers grow abundant, high quality crops through Redox Homeostasis, or plant charge balance.

Media contacts:
Redox Bio-Nutrients, Jim Morris, Director of Communications

About Redox Bio-Nutrients
Redox Bio-Nutrients exists to create passion and excitement in growing healthier plants. We help growers succeed in four primary areas, soil health, root development, abiotic stress defense and nutrient efficiency. Find out more at

I have never been more excited about our understanding of plant physiology and the important role the right amounts of nutrients and biostimulants play in growing healthy food.  As a result, we at Redox Bio-Nutrients are perfectly positioned to help agriculture during this paradigm shift in plant nutrition.

A critical process in our products that helps plants thrive is fractionation, which involves taking a large molecule and breaking it down into its individual parts, so it can be assembled into something different. Before fractionation begins, we also put significant care and effort into the quality of the desired minerals to be fractionated and their extraction process, which makes all the difference in the desired result.

Our years of experience using fractionation allows us to separate out the most beneficial materials that are blended in specific percentages to yield the best results. I know of no other company that takes these steps to the degree that we do. Fractionation is very expensive and takes an enormous amount of time, which deters many from pursuing it.

We fractionate amino acids, then reassemble them in optimal percentages. One of the clear victories from this painstaking approach is the glycine we use in our products. As a catalyst for building protein, the glycine we have fractionated is of the highest quality, which is a huge help in generating a beneficial plant reaction.

Auto racing provides a good analogy to the importance of fractionation. The worst thing a driver wants in a race car is extra weight. The same thing holds true for organic extracts. I want just what is needed, nothing else. We at Redox Bio-Nutrients are focused on active ingredients, instead of gross concentration. The greater specificity and higher quality the ingredients, the greater help they will be to plants.

Fractionation is not an esoteric concept without real world benefits. It is a difference maker for growers seeking the most effective, efficient ways to grow their crops. It is good to remember that how you nourish your crops is just as important as the seeds you plant.

As sustainability continues to have a greater role in the landscape of agriculture, a highly thoughtful approach to crop inputs is a good way to do more with less. Using Redox Bio-Nutrients products also makes sound economic and business sense because these carefully fractioned molecules allow reduced costs on other inputs while maintaining and increasing yields.

Growers take many risks and their crop nutrition shouldn’t be one of them. Here at Redox Bio-Nutrients, proving out our technology is a vital part of having full confidence that our products deliver as advertised.

Headed by Dr. Gifford Gillette, our research team had an extremely busy 2023. Results of their work are highlighted in our Redox Results 2023 Collection. Last year, we conducted trials with corn, apples, peanuts, lettuce, tomatoes, and a dozen other crops. We tested our product capabilities in the four core areas where we excel: root growth, soil health, abiotic stress defense, and nutrient efficiency.

The results confirmed that we continue to deliver unparalleled benefits.

One trial during a heatwave in California’s Central Coast showed significant abiotic stress defense. Even though temperatures reached 108 degrees, the wine grape vineyard where Mainstay™ Si was applied recorded a 48 percent reduction in raisining compared to untreated vines.

Continuing with extreme results, we quantified exciting nitrogen efficiency and plant nutrition gains in five trials with our newest technology being readied for the market, RDX-N™. It’s a stable, botanical extract bio-stimulant combined with organic carbon compounds. RDX-N™ includes proprietary, patent-pending extraction of the highest quality ingredients that consistently deliver nitrogen use efficiency unattained in agriculture until now.

We are excited about the depth and breadth of trials already underway this year whether on our research farm in Burley, Idaho or through cooperators. We will continue to share results and continue to challenge ourselves to ensure our products remain a tremendous asset to growers, as they provide more nutritious food to consumers.

As growers continue to seek better varieties, equipment and technology, we should bring the same focus to crop nutrition.

All too often, standard operating procedure for many growers involves large amounts of fertilizer, applied liberally. This is inefficient and a missed opportunity for farmers to reap the rewards that come with a more thoughtful, targeted approach.

Growers are in the business of purchasing energy in the form of fertilizer, and it is only going to get more expensive in the years ahead. Actively pursuing a better plan in this area is not only prudent, it also helps a grower’s bottom line.

To boost your input efficiency, it is important to understand these five action steps for fertilizer in soil:

  • Bio Movement- how fertilizer moves in the soil.
  • Bio Absorption- how well it is absorbed by the plant.
  • Bio Translocation- how effective is movement within the plant.
  • Bio Metabolism- how well the plant metabolizes nutrients.
  • Bio Utilization- how effectively the plant uses the metabolized fertilizer.

Growers should ask themselves how well their fertility plans are achieving these five areas.

I should caution that using synthetic fertilizer without a carbon source won’t get the job done. Always seek out the best carbon source you can find.

If you simply carry out the old guard approach to fertilizer, you will get less in return. It would be like putting low grade fuel in a Ferrari. A newer, more efficient approach will also help you meet sustainability goals. With our 30 years of research and leadership in this space, we have dozens of bio-active, carbon-based products, both conventional and organic. We have spent 30 years developing and perfecting these products to effectively meet your fertilizer needs and to provide the healthiest environment for your crops to thrive.

At first glance, your farm field may appear to be calm and orderly.  In reality, plants are under constant stress in many fields across the country. A wide variety of factors can cause this stress, including weather, pests, and even nutrition delivered without forethought to a balanced approach.

Each plant takes up nutrients, which all have an electrical charge, either positive or negative. As the plant grows, it strives to do what’s needed metabolically to have a 50-50 charge balance (homeostasis). If your fertility program creates an uneven charge environment, your plants will have to work much harder to achieve homeostasis and yield will be compromised.

The less plants need to work to reach homeostasis, the more time they will spend ensuring positive outcomes, including yield and crop quality.

Here’s the stark truth: the current mainstream fertilizer approach deals with pounds per acre and how you apply it.

I have dedicated more than half of my life to understanding plant physiology. I’m convinced that a more accurate way to view your fertilizer program is charge per acre, meaning the charge of the nutrients you apply.

By far the most common charge imbalance in a plant comes from nitrate nitrogen. The question you need to ask yourself is “does my system have enough carbon to convert the nitrate nitrogen to amino acids?” If not, nitrate nitrogen will sit in the leaf. That negative charge must be balanced. The greatest nutrient that balances this charge is potassium. Ideally, you would want potassium to spend its time moving sugars around in the plant, instead of balancing an all-too-common nitrogen charge imbalance caucused by overapplication. Whatever crop you grow and wherever you grow it, your plants will prosper when the plant can focus on effective movement of starch and sugar rather than balancing excess nitrogen charge.

Redox technology is formulated from the best natural sources with the highest quality extraction and manufacturing processes. We combine 13 key carbon chemistries with biostimulants, to promote improved root growth, healthy soil, efficient uptake of nutrients and abiotic stress defense. Our products go a long way to keeping your plants balanced, leaving more money in your pocket after harvest.

Other keys to our technology are active substrates we developed, which contain organic molecules in the form of antioxidants. They play a pivotal role in absorbing the free charges that are otherwise destructive to plants.  In simple terms, our active substrates provide whatever electrons are needed to balance the needs of your plants. Understanding plant charge balance and dedicating yourself to achieving it is part of the Redox paradigm shift in agriculture. We in agriculture know better and now must do better for more productive farms and healthier food for consumers.

Burley, Idaho:
Improving soil health and growing strong plants through bio-nutrition is gaining broad acceptance, and new breakthroughs in scientific research indicate a bright future for more progressive growers. Redox Bio-Nutrients is a longstanding leader in the bio-nutrition field.

“The right way to go about plant nutrition and soil health is to deal with input and outcome,” said Darin Moon, CEO of Redox Bio-Nutrients. “Today’s scientific understandings will help growers radically increase nutrient efficiency and lower carbon emissions at the same time.”

While hundreds of bio-nutrition companies have recently started, Redox celebrates its 30th anniversary this year. The company provides carbon-based, highly efficient nutrition with biostimulant properties to agriculture and turf producers across the U.S. and internationally.

The growing body of scientific research, coupled with success stories from growers of a wide variety of crops, indicate this area is ripe for expansion among U.S. farmers. Quantifiable benefits from biostimulants include improved size and firmness for multiple crops, as well as dramatic nitrogen efficiency gains while maintaining strong crop yield.

Moon said the understanding of bio-nutrients at a cellular level makes him even more optimistic for successful and sustainable farming, resulting in bountiful, nutritious food for consumers.  The key remaining step is a paradigm shift in agriculture, with more growers choosing efficient, effective bio-active inputs instead of high-volume more traditional fertilizer sources.

“It is not OK to know better and keep doing the same thing,” Moon said. “It is OK to take a risk and to make a change when there’s science behind it. We need to do the right thing, not the easy thing.”Redox Bio-Nutrients exists to create passion and excitement in growing healthier plants. We help growers succeed in four primary areas, soil health, root development, abiotic stress defense and nutrient efficiency.

From hunter-gatherers through mechanization and the development of pesticides and fertilizers, agricultural revolutions have kept food on our plates and farmers in business.

With population growth, climate volatility, intensifying sustainability efforts and shrinking farmland, now is the time for bold action – a paradigm shift in the understanding of, and actions needed for optimal plant nutrition.

“We’re learned more about how plants grow in the last 20 years than the prior 100 years,” said Redox CEO Darin Moon. “One recent revelation is that there are 2,500 genes, just related to nitrogen assimilation in the plant.”

“We’ve done a good job in agriculture,” he added. “However, our scientific understanding has grown exponentially. We are on a faster, better pace of learning than ever before.

We now know better. We’ve got to start to think about the plant first, not the fertilizer first. You’ll get better at what you do, when you think about how the plant extracts nutrients, not about how the fertilizer truck spreads the nutrients.”

Education and cutting-edge plant nutrition have been hallmark characteristics at Redox Bio-Nutrients since day one, and our just-concluded MasterClass was an escalation of both.

Agronomists traveled to Redox Headquarters in Burley, Idaho, from throughout the U.S. and Japan for an immersive agronomic experience. They left inspired.

“My grandfather proposed that if you stop learning, you die,” remarked Peter Sackett of G.S. Long in Washington, who has attended four MasterClasses. “I have an uncle that’s 93 years old that attends college every day, so I put a high value to learning.”

First time attendee Darren Rozell from Texas said he gained a lot from the meetings.

“I tell the growers I work with that you don’t have to change,” he said. “You can keep farming just like your daddy or grandaddy did, I don’t care, but one thing is you’re going to be competing against the people that are changing. That’s why you really need to learn about all of this.”

An intersection of greater knowledge and need for improved plant performance are great motivators to enterprising growers. Biostimulants offer great promise, but are underutilized in the U.S.  America is the world leader in food production, but accounts for a small fraction of overall use of biostimulants.

As understanding grows of the effective nutrition biostimulants provide, and they fit well into sustainability programs, the foundation has been laid for the next agricultural revolution.

“As farmers continue to witness that the practices from 10 years ago are no longer being effective today, they’re going to start welcoming the use of biostimulants,” said Jose Ramirez of Buttonwillow Warehouse Company in California. “As these biostimulants get better, more complex, and we weed away the non-efficacious ones, I believe the farmer is going to gain stronger confidence in them and is going to utilize them in their farming operation.”

Change often isn’t easy, and farmers have changed a lot over time. Moon said growers can take comfort that this new technology has proven to work over many trials and firsthand experience from a growing number of farms.

When biostimulant adoption grows in the U.S., it will be the realization of Darin Moon’s dream that began 30 years ago. Farmers, consumers, and the environment will be better for it.

“It is not OK to know better, and keep doing the same thing,” Moon said. “It is OK to take a risk, and to make a change because there’s science behind it. We need to be committed to doing the right thing, not the easy thing. That is who we are.”

Strawberries are a dominant player in Central Coast agriculture. The unbeatable combination of climate, soil, and grower know how make the Salinas, Watsonville, and Santa Maria areas a phenomenal place for berry production.

Preparations are well underway on the approximately 35,000 acres of strawberry fields for 2024. Growers are currently fumigating, laying protective plastic in fields, and will be transplanting strawberries for the next one to two months.  Once these plants are in the ground, stimulating root growth to establish the plants for the upcoming season is critical to reduce transplant loss and build a solid foundation for next year’s berry production.

Redox Bionutrients has industry leading tools to get strawberry plants off to the best possible start.  Redox products incorporate biostimulation plus nutrition to optimize plant growth.

Growers who incorporate Redox products see superior results vs traditional inputs.  Incorporating some or all of the following products will help build a solid foundation for the season ahead:

  • DermaPlex+, applied at just 1 quart to 2 quarts per acre, delivers a boost from beneficial fungal metabolites derived from proprietary Trichoderma metabolites in the root zone.
  • RootRx (1 quart to 2 quarts /acre) provides root growth stimulation and improves antioxidant production from select botanical extracts.
  • Rootex (1 quart to 2 quarts/acre) is essential, as it reduces soil phosphorus tie-up with calcium; Improves phosphorus efficiency, promotes root growth, and improves root structure.
  • Rx Platinum (2 quarts/acre) Improves soil phosphorus and potassium availability; Improves microbial diversity with short, medium, and long-chain carbon compounds.

We suggest two applications per month after planting, then repeating this nutrition every month thereafter.

Growers weathered an up and down 2023, following a barrage of storms. With a strengthening El Niño and a significant investment of time, capital, and resources, give your strawberries the best chance to flourish by adding Redox root health materials to your program.

Most turf managers are aware of the importance of potassium nutrition for turfgrass since proper levels of K in the plant are essential for its survival.  However, methods of supplying K to the plant effectively and consistently can often be elusive.

The grass plant depends on osmotic regulation to survive abiotic stressors.  This is the mechanism responsible for the plant’s ability to withstand hostile environmental challenges, such as low or high temperature, deficient or excessive water, as well as high salinity.    

Under drought stress conditions, K regulates stomatal opening and helps plants adapt to water deficits.  Under salt stress, K helps to maintain ion homeostasis and to regulate the osmotic balance.  In situations where soil sodium is excessive and K is deficient, the plant will take up sodium instead of potassium.  This leads to the accumulation of Na in plant cells, which is toxic.

For plants to effectively withstand the extremes of winter, a good supply of available potassium in fall is necessary for the formation and storage of sugar in cells.

K is an activator of a multitude of metabolic processes, including protein synthesis, sugar transport, nitrogen and carbon metabolism, and photosynthesis.  Adequate K is essential for the proper function of metabolic processes that defend against pathogens.

Potassium is important in water utilization, hence the adage “Potassium is the poor man’s irrigation”.  K is also a major key for encouraging strong cell wall development, hence a hardier plant.

Turf managers often fight symptoms of K deficiency without knowing the origin of the problem.  Symptoms like chronic disease, propensity for wilting, lack of turf vigor and hardiness, may be the result of inadequate K.

In reviewing many soil tests in the Northeast, I have observed K deficiency at a surprising level.  Even when there appears to be adequate K levels in standard soil tests, it is often quite deficient on paste extraction tests.  This testing method reveals the levels of plant-available nutrients in the soil solution. 

Addressing K deficiencies effectively during the period of demand may require new thinking.  The industry standard of regularly applying a pound of potassium sulfate does not always result in sufficient K nutrition.  Redox offers exceptional tools to supply K in a form the plant can readily utilize. 

Redox TurfRx K+ Micro Crystals 0-31-50 provide effective K (and P) nutrition.  The K coupled with proprietary soluble carbon compounds improves respiration, as well as increases antioxidant production for defense against biotic and abiotic stresses.  Metabolic processes involved in signaling and the production of plant defense compounds depend on correct levels of potassium. Consistent use of TurfRx Fairway+ 1-7-12 is another excellent choice to ensure available potassium is delivered to the turf. 

Clearly, potassium is a key nutrient in plant health.  However, it is needed in correct balance with other essential nutrients.  Again, soil testing is the most comprehensive method of managing nutrients.  Paying attention to sufficiency levels only addresses part of the equation. 

The relationship of potassium with other cations in the base saturation is also part of effective plant nutrition.  Potassium needs to be in the correct balance with Ca, Mg, and Na on a standard soil test.  Taking it a step further, the soluble cation ratio found in the paste extract test provides information on the ratio of plant-available Ca, Mg, K, and Na.

The benefits of correcting K deficiencies can result in a much healthier stand of turf, as well as a reduction of mid-day watering, facilitation of better winter survival, and the activation of effective disease defenses.  Consistent application of K throughout the growing season produces stronger plants that are better able to handle environmental extremes and tolerate wear from traffic.